Australia & New Zealand:
EDN has been approved as a phytosanitary treatment option for controlling hitchhiking adult Arhopalus on wood products for export to Australia. This was agreed after number of meetings and supporting efficacy data. First EDN approval as a phytosanitary treatment between Australia & New Zealand. EDN effective dose rate 25 g/m3 for 3 hours Vs MB dose of 48 g/m3 for 24 h for adult Arhopalus.
NZ EPA reviewed methyl bromide use and imposed restrictions of no emission beyond 2020. NZ is one of the largest users of methyl bromide for treating wood products exported to overseas countries. Hence, Stakeholders in Methyl Bromide Reduction (STIMBR) reviewed 15 chemicals and identified EDN as the only potential replacement for methyl bromide for the fumigation of logs exported. EDN efficacy studies are being conducted for the three main timber pests -Burnt pine longhorn Arhopalus ferus , Golden haired bark beetle Hylurgus ligniperda , Black pine bark beetle Hylastes ater . These pests constitute 99% plus of the surveillance, trapping and interception data in NZ. They are quarantine pests concern to importing country – China, India, South Korea, Japan and Australia. Extensive lab and field studies are being conducted by Plant and Food NZ using laboratory raised specimens. The studies will be completed in the beginning of Q1 2019 and will be provided to the training partners.
Malaysia is the leading producer of natural rubber in the world. About 46% of world rubber is produced in Malaysia. South American leaf blight disease is one of the deadly disease that is found in rubber which is reported in Mexico, Latin and South American countries. In order to protect the local rubber industry, Malaysian plant biosecurity has approved EDN for the treatment of all timber imported into the country. A dose rate of 100 g/m3 for 24 hours is approved for controlling this disease.
EDN is in the registration process for treating the wood products imported into the countries. It is expected to be approved in 2019.
ISPM-15 and fungal pathogens:
EDN efficacy studies are being conducted at USDA APHIS -PPQ research facility and FPInnovation Canada to gain approval of EDN for pine wood nematodes.
Studies are also conducted for the following pathogens at FPInnovations
Root/stem rot Heterobasidion annosum,
Sudden oak death Phytophthora ramorum
Oak wilt – Ceratocystis fagacearum
Canker – Geosmithia morbida